Study: Transmit Field Bias Correction of T1w/T2w Myelin Maps

FULL TITLE:
Transmit Field Bias Correction of T1w/T2w Myelin Maps

SPECIES:
Human, Macaque

DESCRIPTION:
This is the preprint/BioRxiv version of the study.  It may change during the course of peer review.  The manuscript is available here: https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2021.08.08.455570v2.  The code will be released as a part of the HCP Pipelines when the study is published.  

ABSTRACT:
T1-weighted divided by T2-weighted (T1w/T2w) myelin maps were initially developed for neuroanatomical analyses such as identifying cortical areas, but they are increasingly used in statistical comparisons across individuals and groups with other variables of interest. Existing T1w/T2w myelin maps contain residual radiofrequency transmit field (B1+) biases, which may be correlated with these variables of interest, leading to potentially spurious results. Here we propose multiple methods for correcting these transmit field biases using either explicit measures of the transmit field or alternatively a ‘pseudo-transmit’ approach that is highly correlated with the transmit field. We find that the resulting corrected T1w/T2w myelin maps are both better neuroanatomical measures (e.g., for use in cross-species comparisons), and more appropriate for statistical comparisons across individuals and groups (e.g., sex, age, or body-mass-index). We recommend that investigators who use the T1w/T2w approach for mapping cortical myelin use these B1+ transmit field corrected myelin maps going forward.

PUBLICATION:
BioRxiv - DOI: 10.1101/2021.08.08.455570

AUTHORS:

  • Matthew F. Glasser
  • Timothy S. Coalson
  • Michael P. Harms
  • Graham L. Baum
  • Joonas A. Autio
  • Edward J. Auerbach
  • Junqian Xu
  • Douglas N. Greve
  • Essa Yacoub
  • David C. Van Essen
  • Nicholas A. Bock
  • Takuya Hayashi

INSTITUTIONS:
  • Massachusetts General Hospital
  • RIKEN
  • Harvard University
  • Washington University Medical School
  • University of Minnesota
  • McMaster University
  • Baylor College of Medicine